Tuesday, 27 June 2017

Reasons Why Curtain Wall Installations Need to Be Done

Curtain wall structures are exterior walls made from aluminum and glass. They offer many benefits and are non-load-bearing to any multistory building. It’s designed in such a way to span over 2 or even more floors. Some of them commonly span over the complete side of a building. 

Curtain walls are used on the outer walls of any building structure to protect it. During the medieval periods, these walls were used mainly as a defense structure to protect castles. In today’s time and age, it serves more as a basic protection purpose to keep all the elements out, like wind and rain while it also helps in stabilizing the structures. Most of the time, it will be used for designs of commercial buildings where it serves a purpose that is important.

Look at the following benefits it can provide.

In friendly work suites as natural lighting
Natural lighting is the biggest benefit and most of the time the best selling point for an estate management firm when they lease the units out. It lets in enough amazing natural light because you don’t have to deal with ordinary walls. This will also benefit all workers because natural light will be easier on their eyes and also show truer colors.

Another benefit of these curtain walls is that it offers a wonderful panoramic view and every office in the building will feel like that corner office space. When estate managers lease out these units, they concentrate on the benefit of the view.

Energy efficiency will be boosted
Due to the manner of these glass blocks and how they fit into the aluminum frames, it will provide a fit that is air tight. It will help in sealing-in a building’s hot air during winter times, as well as keeping the cooler air in during months that is hotter.

Additionally, if energy efficient glass is used, it will reflect the UV radiations and prevent the building from becoming like an oven in summer. With these energy efficient walls, it will also keep the building’s operational costs very low.

It’s also a waterproof installation
The sealant that is used with installation provides a barrier that is moisture proof. That will mean that no moisture and rain will be able to enter this building when the sealant stays intact.

Periodic inspections should be done to ensure that the sealant remains in a good condition. It will offer a protective and durable option to prevent any water damage, and the materials that are used will be resistant to any corrosion. This will lower the maintenance cost and tenants won’t be disturbed frequently.

Other advantages
One of the main advantages today with curtain walls is that it’s a lighter construction material such as glass compared to the concrete and steel structures that were used before to support the complete structure of a building.

Except for the benefit of natural light filtration and the prevention of moisture to enter a building, it also can act to prevent, slow down or stop a fire from spreading between the floors of the building.

About normal system designed curtain walls with extruded aluminum
Except for the fact that aluminum is a cheaper product as what steel is, it’s just as robust. Aluminum falls under your green products which make it easier to recycle, without a noticeable loss of quality. It can also be maintained and cleaned easily, and it won’t tear, rust or rot, as well as its shape, won’t twist or deform.

Glass aluminum curtain walls are also ideal to use for refurbishing or in new-build developments, which will be a cost-effective and quick way to incorporate large glass areas into the building. It also offers energy performance of high-value, and will advance security and thermal functions.

Some installation benefits and specifics of curtain walls
Systems of curtain walls come in a lot of different types and they can differentiate be the way these systems are constructed. Usually, these systems of curtain walls integrate in different mullion sizes, which are the metal poles used to make up the panels’ framing.

Glazing will then be installed onsite to its mullions, although prefabricated panels are also available which will be anchored to the buildings slabs. 

The types of these curtain walls that are very common will include the following:

The stick system
The stick system for curtain walls will require mullions that need to be vertical installed which is anchored to slabs of the floor. Normally glazing will be done on site, and other components such as horizontal mullions, as well as spandrel panels will be attached only if these vertical mullions are set.

Panel systems
These systems will be less cost-effective than your stick systems. Typically, these large panels are manufactured off-site, which will then be attached within the structured building to its anchors.

Mullion and unit systems

It’s a hybrid system, thus, some curtain walls need mullions that is already anchored to a building structure, after which this pre-fabricated unit will be attached to its mullions.

Wednesday, 21 June 2017

What If You Could Prevent Childhood Dental Problems?

If you have ever had to explain to a young child that they need a tooth removed or dental fillings, then you will already know it isn’t a pleasant task. So, what if you could prevent dental problems and were able to keep your kid’s teeth strong and healthy? You’d almost certainly jump at the chance, but, there is nothing complicated in preventing dental disease in kids.

With the right preventative dental care from a good pediatric dentist, your child will have a healthy smile. With some dedication from you, there is little reason why your child cannot grow up with healthy and cavity-free teeth. Even if they already have some dental problems, it is never too late to begin a new regime of dental care and this could help to save their adult teeth.

Why Great Dental Care is About More than Just a Healthy Smile
Taking action now could set your child on the right path to enjoy great dental health for life. This not only increases their chances of having a healthy smile and all the benefits that can bring but will help to protect their overall health. One of the most common dental diseases is gum disease, a condition that causes tooth loss.

Gum disease in its advanced stages can increase the risk of general health problems. Advanced gum disease or periodontal disease can increase the risk of developing or of worsening many common health problems. These include rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

Making Sure Your Kid Gets the Right Dental Care
Children have very different needs to adults which are why it is always better to take them to a pediatric dental office. A pediatric dentist is the very best person to treat a child. This is because they have spent years completing specialized training enabling them to address the very specific needs of their small patients.

Additionally, a pediatric dental office is equipped in a way that is quite different from a general dental office. It has smaller chairs and child-sized tools to help make the experience more comfortable and much more non-threatening. You’ll also notice that a pediatric dentist relates incredibly well to children.

If your child does need any treatment or when they need any help or tuition about their dental care, a pediatric dentist can provide it in a way that is easy. It will be easy for them to understand and it will be much more enjoyable. The idea is to make learning fun.

Preventative Dental Treatments That Will Help Your Kid
Good preventative dental care begins with a checkup. During a checkup, your kid’s mouth will be carefully but gently examined for any signs of disease. The dentist is also looking at the way your child’s teeth and jaws are developing. These problems can be caused if your kid has any oral habits such as a finger or thumb sucking or if they are a mouth breather.

These habits can affect the development of their teeth and jaws and sometimes early orthodontic treatment can be useful. Based on the results of your child’s very first checkup, your dentist will provide a customized prevention plan. This shows how frequently your child should visit their dental office.

It also shows details of any other treatments they think will help keep their teeth and gums healthy and strong. Most children will need six monthly checkups but if your kid has any ongoing dental problems then they may benefit from more frequent visits. At every checkup, it’s worth getting your child’s teeth professionally cleaned.

Prophylaxis and Why It Will Help Your Kid
If you regularly visit a dentist, then it’s likely you have your teeth professionally cleaned at least twice a year. This is to remove any hardened plaque or tartar from teeth which help keep your teeth and gums in great shape. Prophylaxis reduces the risk of gum disease and tooth decay and your kid needs regular professional dental cleanings for exactly the same reasons as you.

During this appointment, it’s also possible for the hygienist to identify any areas your child might be missing whenever they brush or floss their teeth. This will allow your dentist to provide personalized oral hygiene instructions to help your child brush in the most effective way possible. If they do need any tuition on how to brush and floss then you can be sure it will be done in a way that is entertaining and fun.

Treatments to Protect Their Teeth
Regular brushing and flossing will do a lot to keep your child’s teeth healthy and strong. There are treatments that can help provide a little more protection.

Fluoride Varnish
Fluoride is a great way to protect young teeth as it helps to harden tooth enamel, reducing the risk of cavities. Your pediatric dentist can apply fluoride topically to tooth surfaces in the form of a varnish. 

This is a quick and painless treatment as the varnish is simply painted onto newly cleaned teeth.
It must be left in place for several hours or even overnight before your child can brush it off. During this time, they will still be able to eat and drink normally.

Dental Sealants
Back teeth are often prone to developing cavities and if you look at them you will see why. The chewing surfaces have lots of grooves and fissures that are quite tricky to keep clean and which can easily trap food and bacteria. Dental sealants are a fantastic way to protect these surfaces and are generally applied to a child’s adult back teeth soon after they emerge.

This includes the molars and premolars. It’s essential to do this treatment at this stage because dental sealants can only be applied to teeth that do not have cavities or fillings or any signs of decay. Treatment is every bit as painless as fluoride varnish. Firstly, the tooth surface is lightly etched before the etching liquid is washed off in the tooth is dried.

The dental sealant is then painted onto the tooth surface where it soon hardens or it can be hardened with an ultraviolet light. This creates a thin, durable yet nearly invisible smooth film over the tooth surface. Treatment makes it easier to keep teeth clean and it doesn’t interfere with their bite.

All these treatments will help keep your kid’s teeth in great shape. You will also find your pediatric dentist can offer lots of advice and information about children’s dental care. They can even talk to you about their dietary needs and how particular diet choices can influence their dental health.

With the right kind of dental care, there is no reason why your child shouldn’t enjoy great dental health for life.

Tuesday, 20 June 2017

Learn How a Nanocoating Could Help Reduce Dental Implant Failures

Dental implants are becoming an increasingly common way of replacing missing teeth. It’s estimated that around 3 million Americans already have dental implants, with this figure rising by 500,000 each year. With this much interest in dental implants, it’s hardly surprising that research and development into this technology are ongoing.

Companies search for ever more innovative ways of improving dental implant success rates. 

Currently, the success rate for a properly planned and placed dental implants is around 95%. Some dentists have rates that are typically higher than this. However, this does mean there is a small risk of implant failure.

Sometimes problems can develop with dental implants many years after placement and when everything seemed just fine.

Why Implants Can Fail

There are several reasons why dental implants can fail. Sometimes it can be a mechanical failure, where the implant fails to bond with the surrounding bone or is rejected for some reason. But, one of the most common reasons for implant failure is a condition called peri-implantitis. This is an inflammatory condition caused when harmful bacteria in the mouth develops into biofilm which attaches to dental implants.

Now, new research carried out in the UK has investigated the effectiveness of a nano-coating to the dental implants which would reduce the risk of infection.

What Was Discovered during This Research?

For this study, the team created a nano-coating consisting of hydroxyapatite and titanium oxide. This was applied to the surface of titanium alloy implants. This was found to successfully reduce bacterial infection, inhibiting the growth of bacterial biofilm on the surface of implants by 97.5%.
The application of this coating had two effects.

Firstly, they helped to eradicate bacterial infection while creating a surface that had anti-biofilm properties to support Osseointegration. This is a process where the dental implant gradually integrates with the surrounding bone. This helped to accelerate bone healing. At the moment, there aren’t any guidelines in place for using this type of nano-technology in a medical or dental application.

The next step is to demonstrate the effectiveness of this type of coating in animals or eventually in humans.

What This Could Mean for Implants in the Future

So, what would this mean for patients considering dental implants to replace missing teeth? It should be very good news because this type of coating on dental implants could help increase patient satisfaction and comfort. Currently, strategies to help prevent infection in dental implants are focused on using antimicrobial coatings of chlorhexidine or antibiotics.

While these approaches can work, they are only effective in the shorter term and there are concerns about using chlorhexidine. The use of a nano-coating of silver hydroxyapatite could prove to be a more effective approach in the longer term.

What to Do in the Meantime to Keep Your Dental Implants Healthy

This type of technology is obviously still in the research stage, so what can you do if you need dental implants right now? There are simple strategies that you can follow to make sure your dental implant treatment has the greatest chance of success.

You’ll find a few simple steps outlined below.

Choose the Right Dental Implant Dentist
Your treatment will not be successful unless you choose the right dental implant dentist to place your implants. These days an increasing number of general dentists are offering implant treatment but many may have limited experience in placing dental implants. While treatment may be perfectly adequate it might not be the best available.

This is especially if you have more complicated dental needs or require multiple dental implants. Choosing a dentist who specializes in placing implants helps increase the odds of having a successful treatment. Ideally, your chosen dentist should routinely place dental implants.

He/she will be familiar with using several different implant systems to fully accommodate your needs. A good dental implant dentist will probably use implant components from one of the top implant companies. They will choose that instead of choosing cheaper generic dental implants. Although generic implants can be perfectly okay, they haven’t undergone anything.

Anything like the research and development carried out by the major dental implant companies so their long-term prognosis is unproven. Sometimes implant components need replacing which is fine if you can go back to your original dental implant dentist. If you have moved out of the area or are simply living in a different country or away from home, it’s much trickier to get replacements.

This is if you don’t have dental implants from one of the major companies. Many dentists will be reluctant to touch dental implants when they are unsure of the manufacturer used. Your chosen dental implant dentist should also use computer guided implant surgery as this is one of the most effective ways to place dental implants.

It not only ensures that your implants will be situated in the best possible positions but helps to ensure that your implant treatment will be smoother and more comfortable. With computer guided surgery all the implant planning is done in advance so the actual surgery time should be quicker and smoother.

Make Sure You Follow Guidelines during Healing
Once your implants are in place your implant surgeon will give you lots of detailed advice on how to look after the implant sites as they heal. It’s vital to follow these instructions as closely as possible to ensure a smoother and quicker healing process. You will be shown how to clean around the implant sites as good oral hygiene is vital.

This will help your implants to heal more quickly so there is a much better chance of successful treatment.

Be Prepared to Maintain Good Oral Hygiene at All Times
Implant failure can occur many years after a dental implant was originally placed. There is a good chance you will develop peri-implantitis if you fail to keep your dental implants thoroughly clean. That bacterial biofilm that can develop over the surface of dental implants can eventually lead to implant failure.


This is because peri-implantitis is very like gum disease, a bacterial infection that may well have originally caused your tooth loss. Although nanotechnology may not yet be available for dental implants, with a bit of care you can still enjoy a successful treatment, hopefully for many years to come.

Thursday, 15 June 2017

No-Prep Veneers: Are They Always the Best Solution?

Dental veneers often form a major part of any smile makeover as this treatment is extremely versatile. If you are considering a smile makeover or any sort of cosmetic improvement to the appearance of your teeth, it’s highly likely veneers will be suggested.

What Is a Veneer?
A veneer is a very thin shell that is perhaps similar to a false fingernail and which will cover up the front surface of a tooth. It is bonded to the tooth surface creating a relatively strong restoration. Veneers can be used to improve the overall appearance of your teeth. This means it covers up any that are badly stained or discolored.

It also corrects other cosmetic problems like small chips and cracks or irregularities with the way teeth are spaced. They can even be used to correct small problems with alignment, where a tooth might only just overlap another or where it is slightly protrusive. Veneers can be made from porcelain or composite resin.

If you choose composite resin veneers then the resin is applied directly to the front surface of your tooth before being hardened, shaped and polished. Composite resin veneers are cheaper than porcelain. They will not last nearly as long and they may become stained after a few years of use. It can be a better long-term solution to consider porcelain veneers, which with the proper care could last for ten years or more.

Conventional Veneers and Tooth Preparation
However, teeth do need to be prepared for conventional veneers. The amount of tooth structure removed isn’t significant. It is typically only a small amount of tooth material from the front of the tooth and may be the biting surface. The average porcelain veneer is around 0.5 mm in thickness so extensive tooth preparation isn’t necessary.

It is important to remove a minimal amount of tooth structure as otherwise, your veneers could feel bulky and they may look unnatural. Even so, once any tooth structure has been removed it does leave the tooth more vulnerable to decay. It also means that the tooth will always need to be protected as this procedure is not reversible.

A tooth that has been prepared for veneers will require some form of protection for the rest of its natural life. This goes for whether this is in the form of dental veneers or crowns.

How Do No Prep Veneers Differ from Conventional Veneers?
With no-prep veneers, any sort of extensive tooth preparation is unnecessary so your teeth will remain largely unchanged. Instead, these veneers are so thin, being typically the thickness of a contact lens. This is so that they can simply be bonded onto the front surface of a tooth without looking or feeling bulky and unnatural.

This procedure is reversible, although your dentist will need to remove the dental cement used to bond the veneer. Minimal prep veneers are far more common and as the name suggests these only require minimal reshaping in preparation for the veneer. By removing just a tiny amount of material, the teeth can be reshaped to ensure a more visually appealing fit and finish.

This technique might sound ideal, but really minimal prep and no-prep veneers are only suitable in certain circumstances. For example, your dentist might suggest this option if your teeth are too small. They may also be a good choice for repairing and restoring teeth that have become worn down, perhaps due to extensive teeth grinding.

Minimal prep and no-prep veneers might be a good solution for closing up gaps in between teeth. It can also be a good solution for covering up teeth that are slightly stained or misshapen. One situation where they can be particularly effective is in covering up what are called peg laterals. These are the two teeth on either side of your upper front teeth, and which in some people will be too small and underdeveloped.

Covering them up can create a more visually appealing smile in a way that is very non-invasive and quick.

What to Expect If You Have No-Prep Veneers
If your tooth enamel is in good condition, it’s frequently possible to bond no-prep or minimal prep veneers directly onto the tooth surface. With this procedure, you may not even require dental anesthetic and it’s unlikely to create any problems with tooth sensitivity. Another advantage of choosing this type of restoration is that you won’t need any temporary veneers.

This procedure is extremely non-invasive and is often reversible because the teeth will still be intact underneath the veneers. However, it is important to bear in mind that it is not always easy to remove veneers as they are bonded onto the teeth very firmly.

What to Expect with Conventional Veneers
With conventional veneers, some tooth preparation is required. Once the teeth are prepared they usually need to be covered up with temporary veneers to prevent issues with tooth sensitivity and to protect the teeth. This isn’t necessarily such a bad thing, as often temporary veneers are created to closely mimic the final restorations.

This allows patients to have a sort of trial run of their teeth before the permanent restorations of made. This means if any alterations are required, they can be made before the permanent veneers are ready to be bonded onto the teeth.

Minimal Prep or No-Prep Veneers Aren’t Always Possible
Any patient visiting their dentist will always be advised to have the most conservative treatment possible to achieve their desired outcome. If dentists feel that no-prep or minimal prep veneers are a good solution for your smile makeover, your dentist will definitely suggest considering this treatment. Unfortunately, there are often times when these types of veneers simply aren’t suitable.

Adding even the very thinnest veneers onto the front of the tooth surface without preparing it will not produce the desired results. When used in the correct situations, minimal prep or no-prep veneers can make a huge difference to a smile in a very short space of time. It’s very important to be clear about your aims and desires before work begins.


Although no-prep or minimal prep veneers are very non-invasive, they may not work well for anyone who wants to make a significant change. Especially to the appearance of their teeth or to their color.

Thursday, 8 June 2017

Wisdom Teeth: Do Yours Need to Come Out?

Wisdom teeth are the third set of molars that can often cause significant problems for their owners. Wisdom teeth typically come through during the late teens or early 20s and although some people will find their arrival is uneventful, it certainly isn’t the case for everybody.

The main issue with wisdom teeth is that they come through into a jaw where all the rest of the teeth are already firmly established. Often there is simply not enough room for these teeth to come through correctly aligned and without affecting your existing teeth. This means that wisdom teeth can become stuck or impacted underneath other teeth.

Sometimes they will partially erupt remaining partly covered by the gum tissue. Partial tooth eruption brings about its own particular set of problems as a partially covered tooth can be tricky to keep clean, trapping bacteria and food which increases the risk of infection and decay.

The situation is made worse by the position of wisdom teeth right at the back of the mouth where they are already difficult to brush and floss thoroughly. It’s also possible for wisdom teeth to try to erupt sideways through the gums.

How Can I Tell If I Have Wisdom Teeth or If They Are Going to Cause Problems?
If you visit your dentist regularly then they will have kept a close eye on the development of your wisdom teeth. All dentists periodically take dental x-rays as a way of assessing your overall dental health and to see any problems that may be occurring beneath the gums which include the positioning of your wisdom teeth.

If your dentist can see your wisdom teeth are improperly aligned, they may recommend you have them extracted before problems can develop. Alternatively, they may choose to wait and see rather than to immediately suggest their removal.

However, if your dentist has told you there is no hope of your wisdom teeth coming through properly it’s worth getting them removed sooner rather than later. It is easier for dentists to remove wisdom teeth in younger people where the tooth roots are not yet fully developed and where the jawbone isn’t quite so dense or has become bonded onto the tooth.

Can My Dentist Remove My Wisdom Teeth?
If your wisdom tooth removal is likely to be very straightforward then your dentist can almost certainly carry out this oral surgery for you. However, if your wisdom tooth is firmly embedded underneath another tooth or in the jawbone, your dentist may choose to refer you to an oral surgeon for a proper evaluation.

An oral surgeon will be highly experienced in removing wisdom teeth and can do it quickly and hopefully quite comfortably.

Often a wisdom tooth that is tricky to remove will be extracted in several pieces as this minimizes the opening that needs to be made into the jawbone and in your gums so healing is quicker.

What to Expect during Wisdom Tooth Removal?
Whether your wisdom teeth are to be removed by your general dentist or by an oral surgeon, you can rest assured that your tooth will be properly numbed so you will not feel a thing. If all four wisdom teeth are to be removed at the same time, and if the procedure is likely to be at all complex your dentist or surgeon may recommend additional sedation to ensure the process is as comfortable as possible.

The actual length of this oral surgery will depend on the degree of difficulty of the extraction. Afterwards, you will be given plenty of advice on how to care for the extraction sites and how to deal with any side effects.

What to Expect during Healing?
It’s quite possible that the extraction sites may bleed for a while after surgery. It’s likely your dentist or oral surgeon will have supplied you with plenty of gauze pads that can be placed over the empty socket while you bite down firmly as the pressure will help to stop the bleeding. An alternative is to use a moist teabag as the tannins in tea help to form blood clots.

If the bleeding continues or is very heavy, you should always contact your dental practice or your oral surgeon for more advice. Ideally, a blood clot will form in the empty socket which protects it and begins the healing process. It’s important to avoid dislodging this blood clot so don’t smoke and avoid any sucking actions such as drinking through a straw.

Any facial swelling can be topically treated with an ice pack applied to the outside of your face during the first 24 hours. Place the ice pack onto your face for 20 minutes and then remove for another 20 minutes before repeating as necessary. After the first 24 hours, you may find it more comfortable to switch to a moist heat pack.

Discomfort should be controlled with over-the-counter painkillers or you can always ask your dentist to prescribe something for you. Although you will need to avoid the extraction sites as they heal, it’s important to continue brushing your teeth but avoid using commercial mouthwashes as these could irritate the empty sockets.

Is There Anything That Can Go Wrong during Wisdom Teeth Removal?
This procedure is very routine so it’s unlikely that anything will go wrong during the surgical procedure. Afterward, it is possible that a tiny percentage of people who have had their wisdom teeth removed will develop a condition called dry socket during the healing process. This is where the blood clot protecting the empty socket somehow becomes dislodged, allowing the socket to become infected.

You will soon know if you have this condition because the empty socket will begin to become uncomfortable and painful a couple of days after surgery. If you do develop a dry socket, then the empty socket will need to be cleaned and packed by your dentist to remove the infection. Dry socket isn’t serious but it can slow down healing.


Most people will find healing is completely uneventful after having their wisdom teeth removed and after the first week or two, their mouth should feel reasonably comfortable around the extraction site. You will find your dentist can answer all your questions during your initial consultation for this oral surgery and of course you can always contact your dental practice with any concerns before, during or after your treatment.

Tuesday, 6 June 2017

Things You Need to Know About Adult Orthodontics

In the not too distant past braces were usually seen as something worn by children and teenagers. Certainly never worn by adults but things have changed considerably over the past few years. These days it is becoming increasingly common for adults to seek orthodontic treatment. You may have seen friends or family members wearing braces to achieve a straighter smile.

There is certainly no stigma in wearing braces as an adult. Instead, it can show that you take care of yourself and like to look after your dental health and your appearance. The technologies used to make adult braces are extremely advanced and can provide excellent results more quickly than you might imagine. There are also a considerable number of braces to choose from.

Although your orthodontist is likely to recommend one or two particular choices over the others as being able to provide you with the best and most precise results. Thus, giving you the smile you desire.

Why Even Consider Adult Orthodontics?
Having nice straight teeth can bring about numerous benefits. Firstly, straighter teeth look more attractive which in turn can help increase self-esteem and self-confidence. A straighter smile can convey a sense of youthfulness, especially as treatment is often combined with teeth whitening. Additionally, having a straight smile shows you look after your teeth and that you care about your appearance.

This may help you in your career or even in finding a life partner. Then there are the potential benefits to oral health and which often overlooked. While a straighter smile is undeniably more attractive, it can frequently be healthier and could be a great investment in your long-term dental health.

Do you struggle to comfortably fit a piece of floss in between crooked or rotated teeth, or in between teeth that are tightly packed in? Now imagine the benefits of having beautifully straight teeth that make it easy and comfortable to thoroughly floss in between each tooth. Flossing is an essential part of any oral care regime.

 It helps to prevent tooth decay and gum disease, so your natural teeth stay strong and healthy for that much longer and hopefully for your lifetime. If you have a bad bite or poor occlusion then your teeth will also benefit considerably from being straightened up. With a bad bite, it’s highly likely that some teeth will bite together before others leading to unusual wear patterns and increased stress on these teeth.

When teeth are properly aligned then they will bite together more evenly, reducing stress on these teeth and on your jaw joints. You may even find it more comfortable to bite and chew food!

What Are the Options for Adult Orthodontics?
The best way of finding out all possible options for orthodontic treatment is to visit a dentist with considerable experience and training in orthodontics. Visit a dentist who can offer you a wide choice of adult orthodontic braces. Alternatively, see an orthodontist who is a dentist with advanced training in the dental specialty of orthodontics.

After first examining your teeth and the relationship between your jaws, they will be able to suggest the best possible option for your needs. This will be based on the orthodontic problems requiring correction and your desires for treatment. Adult braces can be fixed or removable. Removable braces are a very popular choice.

Fixed braces can work a little better when correcting more complex orthodontic problems. Your dentist will discuss which options will be most suitable for you and why they have chosen these particular braces. There is no need to worry that your new braces will be highly visible as even fixed braces can be made so they are extremely discreet.

Another advantage to think about if you have been recommended to have a fixed brace is that they will be working all the time to move your teeth. With removable braces good compliance is vital. Usually, the braces must be worn for at least 22 hours in order for the treatment plan to be successfully completed on time.

Removable Aligners
One of the most popular removable braces is a system called Invisalign. This is where teeth are discreetly moved using a series of clear BPA-free plastic aligners. These are custom-designed to fit tightly over the teeth and each set will move the teeth a little closer to their perfect positions. You simply need to wear the aligners for two weeks before discarding that set for the next set in the series.

A lot of adults like this system because it is so discreet and because the aligners may be left out for the very occasional event. The aligners are also taken out whenever you wish to brush or floss or to eat, so there is minimal impact on your everyday life. However, fixed braces can be equally as good.

Fixed Braces
With a fixed brace, it’s usually possible to use clear or tooth-colored ceramic brackets that are attached to very thin wires. It provides optimal results in a way that is incredibly discreet. Lingual braces are fixed onto the inner surfaces of teeth so they cannot be seen. You will need to avoid some very crunchy or hard foods during treatment.

Ultimately the results should be well worthwhile and modern fixed braces such as Mystique are often designed to work very quickly.

Cosmetic Braces
If your teeth are generally in the correct bite you might be suitable for what’s called a cosmetic brace. This concentrates purely on moving the front teeth and isn’t designed to correct any major orthodontic problems. As a result, treatment is fast and extremely affordable. You might be able to complete treatment within just a few weeks or months so before you know it, you will have that beautifully straight smile you desire.

Whitening after Straightening
Once your teeth are straightened it’s usually desirable to whiten. Very few adults have naturally white teeth and this can provide that perfect finishing touch to your new smile. A professional tooth whitening treatment is very safe and effective. It will help bring your smile to life, creating that naturally white and youthful look that we all desire.


Once all treatment is completed then don’t forget to wear your retainers. They will ensure your teeth keep looking just as straight and beautiful as the day your braces were removed.

Normal vs. Abnormal Heart Rate

The heart rate is very important, telling how many times your heart beats per minute. This is the reason why your health care provider will check your heart rate during every visit. Not only is it important to keep a normal heart rate for health purposes, but an abnormal heart rate is usually a sign of an underlying heart condition. It’ll probably require proper medical treatment.

As living without a heart is impossible, keeping a good heart's health is necessary, making sure it does beat just as it should. This is why doctors like to record your heart rate often.

So, what is the ‘normal’ heart rate?
For an adult, the acceptable heart rate ranges from 60 to 100 beats per minute. The lower the number of beats per minute, the better it is, which is why athletes will have very low heart rates toward 40 beats per minute. However, a low heartbeat is not always a good thing, since it could indicate a medical condition such as bradycardia.

The condition causes the heart rate to fall below the average heart rate. It also produces various signs and symptoms such as fatigue, dizziness, light-headedness, chest pain, etc. Various medical conditions cause bradycardia such as high blood pressure, hypothyroidism, obstructive sleep apnea, hemochromatosis, myocarditis, heart diseases, electrolyte imbalance, certain medications, etc.

So, the lower the heart rate, the better as long as there are no negative symptoms accompanying the state and as long as it above 40 beats per minute. In cases when the heart beats more than 100 times per minute, tachycardia occurs.

Tachycardia produces various signs and symptoms as well. Like lightheadedness, rapid pulse rate, chest pain, heart palpitations a feeling like the heart is getting out of your chest, shortness of breath, vertigo, fainting, etc.

Various medical conditions cause tachycardia such as fever, smoking, anemia, physical exercise, stress, heart diseases, alcohol abuse, certain medications, hyperthyroidism, electrolyte imbalance, drinking too much caffeine, abusing with illegal drugs, etc.

How do you check your heart rate?
Given the importance of maintaining a normal heart rate, it is essential for everyone to be able to know their current heart rate. The simplest way is to check for a pulse either on the inside of the wrists, inside of the elbow, side of the neck or the top of the foot. When you place your fingers at either of these areas, you should feel a slight, consistent push which is caused by the pressure of the blood in the vessels.

This happens when the muscles of the ventricles contract, pushing blood through the arteries at high pressure. By measuring the number of contractions, you get to know your heart rate. If you don’t know where exactly to place your fingers, try and feel around the joints until you can feel a pulse. Then, you need to have a watch with you for timing – a stopwatch would be most accurate.

The most accurate measure would be to count the number of pulses within 60 seconds, but you don’t always get that time. A lesser count of pulses within 15 seconds would also be fairly accurate. You can even go lower, just as long as you remember to multiply the number of heart beats to account for the entire minute.

Also, remember to note your physical condition at the time you’re taking a measure of your heart rate. Various factors can affect your heart rate reading including the level of physical activity, emotional state, and even body posture. For example, stress and anxiety or strenuous physical activity may increase your heart rate at that particular moment.

Medications, too, can affect your heart rate, with some of them, like beta-blockers, decreasing your heart rate.

How abnormal is an abnormal heart rate?
As mentioned before, an abnormally low heart rate is one which leads to undesirable side effects. If you experience any of those symptoms, check your heart rate regularly over the day and keep a record before you can determine if it’s abnormal. If you get a consistently low heart rate even when performing physical activities, this would be an abnormal heart rate.


As for a high heart rate, readings above the normal often signify a heart problem, and it is important to consult a doctor.

Monday, 5 June 2017

First Menstrual Period After Birth – What to Expect?

Childbirth is a special period in a woman’s life. The entire nine months of pregnancy are very special and normally the woman’s body undergoes many changes. After childbirth, the body has to revert to its previous state, just like it was before becoming pregnant.

The uterus will need to return to its normal place and size, along with other organs and body parts. The menstrual cycle has to return again. When does the first menstrual period after birth starts?

First menstrual period after birth
Breastfeeding plays an important role in the menstrual period after birth. The exact time when you will get your first period depends whether you are breastfeeding your newborn or not. Breastfeeding is always recommended especially for the first 6 months of a newborn. Women, who choose not to breastfeed their child, will usually get their menstrual periods back within the first 10 weeks after childbirth.

The hormone levels normalize at different rates, meaning that every woman is different and that the returning of menstrual periods varies. Breastfeeding your child will delay the returning of the menstrual period. As your baby continues to suck your nipples while breastfeeding, the pituitary gland produces prolactin. This is a hormone which suppresses ovulation and delays the menstrual periods.

If you continue to feed your baby frequently, which is usually a case of a newborn, the returning of the menstrual period is delayed. However, as you start to feed your baby less frequently, it is more likely that your menstrual periods will return and that you will start to ovulate again.

As mentioned this period is different for every woman. Some can have their menstrual periods back within a month or two after childbirth. Others can have their menstrual periods back within the first twelve months after childbirth.

What to expect in the first menstrual period after childbirth?
The returning of the menstrual periods and their normalization depends from one woman to the other.
Breastfeeding plays a very important role in this process, delaying ovulation if a woman continues to breastfeed their newborn after delivery. The first few menstrual periods after childbirth are usually irregular until the menstrual cycle becomes regular again. It will be just like it was before becoming pregnant in the first place.

In general, the menstrual cycle should become regular within a couple of months, unless you have always had an irregular menstrual cycle. If your cycle was regular before pregnancy and childbirth, and now it has become irregular you should seek medical help.

You should get a check – up as any uterine problems or any imbalance of the hormones can lead to having irregular menstrual periods after childbirth.

The first menstrual periods after childbirth are usually heavier than normally. A presence of blood clots in the first or second menstrual periods after childbirth are considered normal.

However, you should seek medical help and get a check – up if you continue to have very heavy menstrual periods. You should seek medical help if there is a presence of blood clots even after a couple of months.

Spotting between menstrual periods, as well as abdominal and pelvic cramping and pain is also common during the first few menstrual cycles after childbirth. However, if this spotting and menstrual cramping are making you worry, you should seek medical help and get a check–up.
You should seek immediate medical help in cases when you start having a high fever or your menstrual flow is heavy.

Also, seek medical help if your period contains blood clots and lasts longer than a week and if you experience severe pain. Seek medical help if you need to change your pad or tampon every hour.

How to prevent a pregnancy now that you have your menstrual cycle back again?
Normally, you have just given birth to a child and you are not looking to get pregnant again. For this reason, paying attention to your sex life and the contraceptive method you are using is very important. This is in order to prevent an unwanted pregnancy immediately after childbirth. As mentioned, the returning of the menstrual period after childbirth depend on whether you are breastfeeding or not.

Women who breastfeed their newborn are protected as long as their child is under 6 months. If they are breastfeeding their child regularly, they shouldn’t breastfeed more than 4 to 6 hours apart and as long as the menstrual periods have not returned yet.

If the menstrual periods have returned and you are still breastfeeding, you should use another contraceptive method. There is always a chance of conceiving.


This method of contraception due to breastfeeding is known as the lactation amenorrhea method and its failure rates are about 2%. Condoms, diaphragms or contraceptive pills are a great contraceptive method when trying to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. 

IUD’s are not recommended immediately after childbirth, as your uterus will require some time until it gets back to its location, size, and shape.